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    海王星注册官网【mrabyte.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。铁岭购爸工作室(原乌海诽链汽车用品有限公司)成立于1993年,占地面积30636平方米,ag国际亚游CQ9宙斯其中生产厂房占地7156平方米,仓库面积占地8222平方米。固定资产4068万元,流动资产9634万元,干部职工共771人,工程技术人员56人。海王星注册官网Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.Themodeoforiginalinnovationmea,Vimicrohasindependentlydevelopedandpossessedseveralworld-classmultimediacoretechnologiesandAnbotehasesrapidlyenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacitiesthoughtheyarenotnecessarilythecreatorsofcoretechnologies,buttheenterprisespreliminarilyhavethedevelopmentcapacities,theiroveralltechnologicalcapacitieshavereachedthelevelsoffirst-rateenterprises,pportunitiesarisingfromthetransitionofmobng-upandsurpassinginnovation,animportantbasisoftheircorec,,ithasseizedtheopportunitiestoparticipateinmajormarkets,TCL,BaosteelandDouble-Cranehaveallcarriedoutproduct-orientedortechnology-orientedinnovationsafterimport,theirproductionandtechnologic,theybegantograduallycarryoutmoreadvancedtechnologicalinnovations....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    FangJinSincethe1990s,especiallyfromthebeginningofthe21stcentury,theinformationtechnologyrevolutionandthereformscarriedoutinvar,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressforward,bringingupnewfeatures;ontheotherhand,thegradualemergenceofmanydeveloping,takingtheoverallpatternforworldeconomicdevelopmentanditsnewchangesintofullaccountisamustinstudyingthefutureorientationforChina    ,economicglobalizationcontinuestopressaheadandassumessomenewfeaturesinitsdevelopment.  Firstly,,themarketsegmentationcausedbypolitic,theformerSovietUnioncountriesandmajordevelopingcoun,moreandmoreecmentoftradeliberalizationandgavebirthtotheWorldTradeOrganizationcoveringawiderrangeofareassuchasmerchandisetrade,,regionsandmultilateraleconomicrelationshavecreatedunprecedentedfavorab,grershasgivenmoreprominencetotheeffectsofcomparativeadvantageivisionoflabortointra-industrialdivisionoflabor,whileintra-industrialorint,transnationalcorporationshavegrad/,therelationshipofinterestsamongvariouscountriesandamongdifferentci,,anavalancheof380regionaltradeagreementshadbeenreportedtotheWorldTradeOrganization(includingthosereportedtotheformerGATT),,alargenumberofregionaltradeagreementsarecurrentlybeingnegotiatedanditisestimatedthat,allW,themassf,theamountofforeignexchangetransactionsonworldfinancialmarketreached4trillionUSdollarsperdayonaveragein2007,up154%,up160%,thefinancialcapitalflewmainlyacrossthedevelopedcountries;nevertheless,theproportionofcapitalflowingbetweenthedevelop,thevolumeofportfolioinvestmentandinvestmentinfinancial-derivativeshavebeengrowingrapidly,,theofficialreservesofvariouscountrieshavebeenaugmentedfast,andthedistributionofthereservesisquiteuneven,,thecurrentaccountdeficitsoftheUnitedStateswasequivalentto60%oftheworld%oftheworldGDP,andthetotalsurplusofthetopfivesurpluscountrieswasequivalentto53%oftheworld%ertrade,investmentandpersonnelflows,buttransactions,settlementsandreservecurrenciesareonlyconfinedtocurrenciesofaminorityofdevelopedcountries,,byusingtheirfinancialadvantages,haveshiftedtheirdomesticeconomicproblemsontoothercountries,,financialinstitutionsfrom-economyandfinancialmarketindevelopingcountries.    Firstly,itwillbehardfort,thelinksbetweenvariouscountries,underthejurisdictionoftheWorldTradeOrganization,themaximumbenefitfromit;therefore,,theinformationtechnologyrevolution,anotherimportantforceforeconomicglobalization,isstillontherise,andthepotentialforenterprisesandindividualstouseinformationtechnologytochangetransnationalproduction,operation,,thedrivingforceandthetechnologicalfoundationforeconomicglobalizationwillnotchange.  Secondly,theunevendistributiono,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulations(whohavelessthan1USdollaradayforliving)ofthedevelopingcountriesintheglobalhasreducedbyalmosthalf,,theproportionoftheabsoluteimpoverishedpopulationinSub-SaharaAfricahasgoneup,,theincomegapbetweenskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasbeenconstantlywid,thedifferenceinaveragewagesofAmericanskilledworkersandnon-skilledworkershasenlargedby30%.Theunevendistributionofgainshasworsenedtheconflictsbetweenvariouscountriesandamongdifferentinterestgroupsandislikelytochangetheglobalizationprocessandeventoincurretrogression,whichwouldproduceuncertaintyinfutureworldeconomicgrowth.ByLvWei,,2006Anationalinnovationsystemiscomposedoftheinteractingorganizationsparticipatingintheinnovationaswellastheexternalenvironment(,thefinancialsystem,educationalsystem,competingmodesandcorporateoperatingmechanism)thathasabearingontheinnovativeactivities;theinteractionofthecomponentsa,aninnovationsystemisnotnecessarilyasystemartificiallydesignedandconstructed,sInnovationSystemComparedwiththemajorinnovativecountriesintheworld,theexternalenvironmentofChina,andthegovernmentplaysanimportantroleindistributingvariousresources;theproportionofstate-ownedeconomyisstillfairlyhigh,andtheoperatingmechanismofstate-ownedenterprises(SOEs)andpublicinstitutionsisdifferentfromthatoftheprivateenterprisesunderthemarketcompetition;themarketmechanismisyettomature,thecapitalmarket,inparticular,isstillintheinitialstageofdevelopment,lmanagementsystem,therestructuringreformhasagreaterbearingontheinnovationsystemanddec,Chinaisabigcountryinteseconomyhavethefollowingcharacteristics:first,abigcountryintermsofthesizeofeconomy,,ChinassizeofGDPranksthefourthintheworld,anditsper-capitalevelofincomeisverylow,,thedomesticmarketishuge,,;ontheotherhand,Chinaisthethirdlargesttradingpoweranditsdependenceonimportsandexportsexceeds60%(withitsdependenceonexportsbeing30%~40%).Chinaisalsooneoft,therefore,Chineseenterpriseshavetocompetewithth,,theregionalgapindevelopmentandincomeishugewiththefactthatthedeveloped,developingandunderdevelopedregionscoexist,andtherefore,,thedevelopmentofhigh,mediumandlow-techindustriesisfairlybalanced,,oftheincrementalvalueofthemanufacturingindustry,theaddedvaluefrommediumtechnologyindustriesaccountedfor60%,thevalueoflow-techindustriesaccountedforabout25%,andthevalueofhigh-techindustriesaccountedforabout14%.Thehigh-techindustriesinthedevelopedcountriesusuallyaccountforahigherpercentage,whileinthedevelop,ChinasRDinputintensityislowerthanthosedevelopedcountriescharacterizedbyknowledge-intensiveindustries,,anditstechnologicaldevelopmentischaracteri,however,,thegrowthrateofChina,%ofitsGDP,,theproportionofinvestmentinbasicresearchandappliedresearchmaintainastablegrowth,,theannualaveragegrowthrateofthegrossoutputvalueofhigh-techindustrieswasashighas24%,andin2004,theexportsofhigh-techproductsaccountedfor28%,internationallycompetitiveenterpriseshasemerged,,assimilative/,thevolumeofprocessingexportsexceeds50%,andoftheexportsbyhigh-techindustries,morethan90%novationpolicies,,financialallocationfromthecentralfinanceforscienceandtechnologynearlydoubledthatintheyear2000,%and4%(SeeTable1).Thegrowthoffiscalallocationbylocalgovernmentsforscienceandtechnologywassimilartothatbythecentralgovernment,andthetotalamountofallocationbylocalgovernmentswasabout60%oftheallocationbythecentralgovernment,anditwas65% CompositionofExpensesforScientificandTechnologicalActivities10-200米ByZhuDantao,,2006Asruralfinancehasbeenplayingakeyroleinpromotingbankdeposits,allocatingfundsanddiversifyingrisks,ithasarousedgreatc,anyreformonruralfinancemustbebasedonadeepunderstandingofitscharacteristics,udymorecomprehensive,tmentofRuralEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenterofStateCouncil(HereinafterreferredtoasDRCSurvey)in2005,whichcovered29provinces(municipalitiesorautonomousregions).Atotalof1962validquestionnairesonpeasanthouseholdswerereceived,plusanother133onvillagesand206onsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)nSichuanProvinceduring2003-2004(HereinafterreferredtoasSichuanSurvey).Thesurveywasconductedinfourcountiesfromfourareas(withonecountyfromonearea):plainarea,hillyarea,mountainareaneartheSichuanBasinandtheareainhabitedbyethnicgroups,sity(CAU)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)inTongrenofGuizhouProvince(HereinafterreferredtoasTongrenSurvey)duringJuly2005,,complementingandverifyingeachother,whichhelpstogiveusacomprerallyspeaking,asaresultofdifferentproductionandorganizationmodeintheruraleconomy,thefina,socialtransitionsandculturaltrrcredits,savings,insuranceandotherfinancialservices,(1)LowyieldsandhighrisksAsChinasagriculturalproductionischaracterizedbysmallscale,lowtechnologyandpoormarketaccessibility,theeconomicreturnonitisgenerallylowerthanonotherindust,agriculturalcreditbearshighermarketrisksasagriculturalproducthaslesssupplyelasticityandagriculturalproduction,agriculturalcredithastobearnaturalrisksthatarecausedbyagriculturesesdifferentrequirementstoruralfinancialinstitutionsintermsoftheircommercialization,marketizationandorganizationsintheruralfinancialmarket.(2)SeasonalityandtimelinessThewidespreaduseofmodernscienceandtechnologyhasnotchangetheseasonalityofagriculturalproduction,whichresultsintheseasonalityofagriculturalloandemandf,theTongrenSurveyshowsthatamongatotalof433loansfrom2002totheendofJune2005,%%.Whenaskedaboutthedesiredloanterm,%%chooseabove1year,whichindicates,,,consideringnaturalandmarketrisksofagriculturalbusinesswhichleadtotheuncertaintyofproductionandsales,,pressingandhaphazardry,(3)SmallloansThelandco,sm,,the,899loans,witheachloanaveragingRMB8,244yuan,andloanslessthanRMB5,%,mostlysmallloans,wereextendedtothesurveyedruralenterprisesduring2001~2004,%sesarehuge,tions.(4)LackoftraditionalpledgeThereisanacuteshortageofpledgesinrur,exceptforthelanduserightofcollective-ownedwastelandthatfarmershavecontracted(provided,however,thatthepriorconsentofthecontract-awardingpartyissecured),orthelanduserightofcollectively-ownedlandthatisoccupiedbypledgedbuildings,shouseisabasicnecessityofhislifeandcannotbemortgagedinrealsenseand,whatismore,thelandhishouseoccupiescannotbemortgagedeither,sproductivepropertiescanhardlybesoldinthemarket,,%itproductsthatdonotneedtraditionalpledgesandtoexpandthescopeofacceptablepledges....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    lovebet爱博国际官方网站ZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchReportNo50,2008Withtheconstantincreaseofincomesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheimprovementoftheirconsumptionlevel,thenumberofwastematerials,suchasscrappedcars,wastehardware,worn-outelectricandelectronicproducts,wastepaper,wasteplastic,,beingreclaimedandprocessed,canbereusedorrecycled,whichprovidesamaterialbaseforthedevelopmentofChina,categorization,circulationandprocessingofthewastematerials1,thispaperhassummarizedthepresentdevelopmentofChinasrenewableresourcesindustryandanalyzedtheexistingproblemswithaviewonlayingafoundationfortheformulationofrelevantpolicies.sRenewableResourcesIndustryThepercapitapossessionofmajornaturalresourcesinChinaislowerthantheworldaverage,andthecontraechoiceforrealizingthesustainabledevelopmentofChineseeconomy."Repairandutilizeoldordiscardedthingsandletallthingsservetheirproperpurpose"isafinetraditionoftheChineseworkingpeople,animportantwaytoenhancetheefficientutilizationofresources,aswellasaculturalbaseforthedevelopmentoftherenewableresourcesindustry.1.DevelopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryisjustbeginningtotakeshapeIngeneral,over30yearsofreformandopeningup,withtheconstantimprovementofsocialistmarketeconomy,Chinasrenewableresourcesindustryhasgraduallyexpanded,regionaldistributionmarketshavebeguntotakeshapeandthetechnicalcompetencehasbeenincreased.ThewastereclamationsystemhasRepublicofChina,companiesatvariouslevelsforreclaimingvariouskindsofmaterials(includingretrievalofmetals)andcompaniesunderthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesforcollectingwastematerialsweresetupthroughoutthecountry,,withtheconstantimprovementofChinasmarketeconomy,thereclamationsystemsetupundertheplannedeconomyhasstartedtoshrinkowingtorepositionoftheredundantreclamationworkers,theworkersswitchtootherprofessionsorretirementoftheworkers;andinparticular,afterthecancellationofthematerialmanagementdepartments,thereclamationcompaniesunderthematerialmanagementdepartmentsandthesupplyandmarketingco,farmersenteringcitiesforemploymenthavebeenengagedingreatnumbersinthewastesreclamationsector,andtheprofit-orientedpublicwastesreclamationsystemaimedmainlyatenterprisesorin,000tonsofwastealuminum,400,000tonsofscrapcopperandalmost300,000tonsofleadscdafoundationforthedevelopmentofChina,withthewideningincomegapbetweenurbanandruralresidents,especiallytheupdatingofthedailynecessitiesoftheurbanresidents,someoftheproductsthatfallintodisusearelittleusedorevencompletelyunusedandcanbeutilizedagain,thusbringingaboutthecirculationofthesecondhandgoodsfrombigcitiestomedium-sizedandsmallcitiesandthentoruralareas,whichcanbefeltbytheexistenceofwastereclaiming,,assupplyofresourcesinChinahasbecometight,importofwastemat,insuchcoastalareasasGuangdong,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandTianjin,importingandunravelingscrapmetalshasgraduallydevelopedintoanindustryonalargescale;provinceslikeShangdongandHebeiarealsoregsHunanProvince,therenewableresourcesindustryhasdevelopedintoasectorwithdistinctivecharacters.Thetechnicalcompofagreatmanysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whicharemainlysmallworkshopsorinvolvedinmanualoperationswithrenewableresources,isonalowside,whereassomeenterprisesgrowinglargerandlargerhaveahighertechnicalcompetenceinprocessingandutilizingtherenewabler,jointlywithChineseandforeignscientificresearchinstitutes,theequipmentordevicessuitableforthetreatmentofChinaswastematsrenewableresourcesindustry.velopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryAccordingtorelevantstudies,duringtheTenthFive-yearPlanperiod,therenewableresourcesreclaimedinChinatotaledabout400milliontons,withtheaverageannualrecoveryreaching80milliontonsandtheaverageannualgrowthrateregisteringover12%.In2006,thereclaimedrenewableresourcesinChina,suchasscrapmetals,wasteplasticandwastepaper,,%Reclamationandimportofwast,ironandaluminumcannotberegenerated,thescrapiron,uppliesbutcanalsoreducethedamagestotheecosystemcausedbythedevelopmentofnaturalresourcesandcancutdownthepollutantemissions,soastoematerials,someplaceshavedevelopedintorelevantbasesfortheproductionofrawmaterials,suchasTaizhouofZhejiangProvince,TaicangofJiangsuProvince,QingyuanofGuangdongProvince,GuluoandYongxingofHunaetofsavingenergy,re,steelandaluminiumaswellaswasteplasticconsumeenergyinproductionandareenergy-carryingproducts;andtheycansaveenergy,,;and10,000tonsofwastepapercanbeusedtoproduce8,000tonsofpaperpulp,withathriftof30,000cubicmetersofwood,12,000tonsofstandardcoalequivalentand1millioncubicmetersofwaterandwithadischargeofmorethan900,,%;,%;,%(Seefollowingtablefordetails).romthebeginningoftheyear,somenewcharacteristicshaveturnedupinChinaseconomicgrowth,whichmainlyinclude:exportinforeigntradehasincreasedbyawidemargin,consumptionhasturnedoutbrisk,investmentgrowthhasbecomestable,economicgrowthratehasgoneuptoahighlevel,increaseinmoneysupplyhasspeededup,,theeconomicgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearisestimatedtoshowamomentumofoperatingatahigherlevel,,thedrivingforceof,%yearonyear,%afterallowingforthepricerises,y,%,%,%.%,,trtmentofMacroeconomicResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,small-scaledeclineoftheeconomicgrowthcouldhappenthisyear,oncapacityofpartoftheindustriesandthecontinuousappreciatio,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothefactthattheChineseeconomystillstaysinthemediumandlong-cyclegrowthperiods,,theshort-termdeclineoftheeconomyisyetnotenoughtochangethesituationofafasteconomicgrowth,,:thepressureontightsuppliesofcoal,electricityandpetroleumandontheoverloadedtransportationsystemhasbeenbasicallyalleviated;supplyofrawmaterialsforsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,chemicalindustryandcementhasbeenfairlyabundant;grainoutputhasbeencontinuallygrowing;,purchasepriceindexesforrawmaterials,%,yearonyear,nfortified,givingimportantsupporttothecontinu,investmenthasassumedarecoveringrise,,the%,down4percentagepoints,,,amongthefixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtowns,inv%,;whileinvestmentinarchitecturalinstallationprojectsrose26%,yearonyear,,thecurrentinvestmentgrowthisarecoveringrisefromthelowerlevelinthefourthquarteroflastyearbyanarrowmargin,andtheinvestmentstructureneedstobeoptimized;undercomparativelyrigorousmacro-controlpolicies,itisestimatedthattherewouldbelittlepossi,inthecontextoftheconsumptionturningoutbrisk,exportandinvestmentbecomingstable,itispredictedthattheeconomywillmaintainarapidandsteadygrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyear,%(%).,butresourceandenvironment,withtheconstantimprovementofthehouseholdincomelevel,upgradingoftheconsumptionstructurehasbecomevigorous,-2005,the%,,,,,proportionoftheChineselaborersenjoyingprimarydistributionofthenationalincomeiscurrentlyonthelowside,andthedistributionofincome,%ofGDP,%in2001,%,whenindustrializationwasacceleratedinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,operlyincreasethepaymentofthelaborers,,inalpropensitytoconsume,therefore,adjustmentofthedifferenceinincomedistributiontoincreasetheincomesofthemoderateandlow-income,incurrentexpenditurestructureofthegovernment,ditureonpublicserviceandpublixpansionoftheconsumptiondemandswillgiveastrongimpetustoinvestment,imulatedsuchindustriesastherealestate,automobileandtelecommunicationtoarapidgrowth,thushasfurtherbroughtalongthedevelopmentofsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,petrochemicalandcementaswellasthedevelopmentofsuchbasicindustriesasenergyandtransportation,,therapidgrowthofinvestmentoverrecentyears,afterallowingfortheunreasonablefactors,hasoriginallyb,reaction,fromJanuary%,mobileandhousepurchasingwillplayalong-termroleinstimulatingthedevelopmentoftheheavyandchemicalindustriesandthegrowthofinvestment,whichislikelytointensifythecontrad,whenstabilizingtheinvestmentgrowth,properlyguidingthedemandforautomobileandhousepurchasingandstabilizingthepaceinupgradingofconsumptionstructurearealsoimportantaspectsthatneedtobeconsideredinformulatingmacro-economicpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.——Basedonaquestionnaireon230pharmaceuticalenterprisesByWeiJigang,,sPharmaceuticalIndustryCommonlyacknowledgedintheworldasahi-techindustrywithgreatdevelopmentprospects,thepharmaceuticalindustryischaracteristicoffastgrowth,enormousinvestment,substantivereturns,highrisks,highdegreeofinternationalization,markedeffectsofscaleeconomy,significantspillovereffects,sRepublicofChinain1949,andespeciallyovertherecent20-oddyearsafterthecountryinitiatedthepolicyofreformandopening-up,China,Chinahasbecomeamajorproducerandexporterofrawmedicinesandtheb,Chinaindependentlydevelopedsomeinnovativedrugs1withinternationalinfluences,spharmaceuticalindustryasawhole,however,hasnotmovedtoanot,ithascontributedfewpatentmedicineswithproprietaryintellectualpropertyright(IPR)andnoinnovativedrugwithinternationalinfluencesinthe,amongthe212brandsofchemicalmedicineswithproprietaryIPRwhichpassedexaminationandapprovalbetween2003and2005,,s230pharmaceuticalenterprisesjointlyconductedbytheResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theEconomicConstructionDepartmentoftheMinistryofFinance,andtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportStatisticsoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsofChinain2006hasalsorevealedthatonly3percentoftheseenterprisescountedthemselvesashavingcarriedoutorarecarryingoutdevelopmentofmedicinesthatwere‘new,competitioninthepharmaceuticalindustryhasbecomeincreasinglyintenseanddevelopmentofnewmedicineshasbecomeoneofthefocumentofnewmedicinesforthepurittletoxiceffects,minimalsideeffectsandreasonableprice,itwillbeverydifficultforChinaspharmaceuticalindustrytoachiev,theshareoflocalproduce,overhalfoftheChinesepharmaceuticalmarkethasbeentakarmaceuticalindustryfromthestrategicperspectiveofmaintaovationin230pharmaceuticalenterprisesinthecountry,andbytakingintoaccountthemechanismsandsystemscurrentlyservingtheindustrysdevelopment,thispapertriestoanalyzethemainfactorsleadingtotheextremelyinsufficienteffortsoninnovationinChinasph:extremeshortagesoffund,technologyandmanpower,andinappropriateorganizationInordertoinventnewmedicines,apharmaceuticalenterprisehastoputinandrationallyintegratemanykeyelementsincludingfund,technology,manpower,oftheinnovationprocess.(1)spharmaceuticalindustryisnotonlywellbelowthatofdevelopedcountries,,theintensityhasbeendecreasingcontinuouslyinrecentyears,,2006,theRDexpenditureofBritain,andthecorrespondingfiguresinFrance,Japan,,,theRDintensityofthepharmaceutica,market,,therewasnotasinglepharmaceuticalenterpriseintheworld,however,,ChinaspharmaceuticalindustrysufferedacontinuousdeclineinRDintensity,sPharmaceuticalIndustry海王星注册官网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,theDRCResearchReportNo116,2009Grainreserves,asthekeystrategicmaterialsofChina,haveplayedanimportantroleinsafeguardingthegrainmarketandsocialstability,,especiallywiththeeffortsmadeinrecentyears,anewgrainreservesystemwithChinesecharacteristicsansGrainReserveSystemEstablishedinthe1950ssincethefoundingofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,Chinasgrainreservesystemhasbeenconstantlyadvanced,reformedandimproved,withthereservecategoriesbeingconstantlyincreased,thestructureandscaleofreservesbeinggraduallyrationalizedandthemanagementofreservesbeingconstantlyenhanced,th:ThenationalemergesRepublic,,Chi,thestatesetapartafractionofgrainsfromthefoodreservestockasthegrainreserves,designatedstoragewarehouses,setasidefundreservementsconcerned,suchastheStatePlanningCommission,,accordingtothethenpoliticalandmilitarysituations,Chinabuiltupthe"506"PCCentralCommitteeandtuntingthedifficultiesingrainsupply,guaranteeingpeopleslivingstandardandsupportingChina,becauseofthesinglenatureofthereservesystemsandowingtothefeaturesofthegraindistributionundertheplannedeconomysystemand,asaresultofthereservesinsmallscaleandtheextensivemanagementofthereserveswhichweremainlystoredandheldbylocalgraindepartmentsintrust,overalongperiodoftime(until1990)aftertheestablishmentofthosesystems,Chinasgrainreservesonlyimpl,duringthatperiodoftime,thegrainreservesystemandthegrainmanagementsystemwerecombinedintoasingleunittobeunderthejurisdictionoftheexclusivemainbody——thestategraindepartment,:Thestatebackupreservesystemwassetuptore,Chinasgrainyieldsgrewbyleapsandbounds,graduallyeasingthelong-term,,thecropharvestswereaccomplishedinthreeconsecutiveyearsof1988,1989and1990,makingithardforfarmerstoselltheirfoodstuffs,s,thecentralgovernmentdecidedtosetupthespecialstategrainreservesystemaimedat"purchasingsurplusfoodgrains,stabilizinggrainproduction,alleviatingcropfailureswithbumperharvestsandstabilizingthemarket",whichwasthefirsttimetosetupthebackupreservesystemspecializedinadjustingmark,ChinasetuptheStateGrainReservesBureautobeinchurchasefoodgrainsonitsbehalf,,malpracticesexistedinsuchareservesystemduringthatperiod:thesystemwasnotwellmadeandthemanagementwasnotproperlyconducted;warehouseswerescattered,makingitinconvenientforsupervision;elyandthequalitywasnotguaranteed,thefoodstuffsgotlostorwentbadorwerenotenoughtodistributeorcouldnotbedistributedasneedaroseandthefoodstuffsdidnotsellwell,:ThecentralgrainreservesystemwassetupandwasputundertheverticalmanagementofChinaGrainReservesCorporation,andtheconstruct,theproblemsexistinginthemanagementofthespecialstategrainreservesnotonlyhamperedtheoperationandmanagementofthecentralgrainreserves,butalsostraigh,1998,theCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilmadegreatstrategicdecisionstocarryoutasignificantreformoftheestablishedstategrainres,after1998,ts,with1109depotsbeingbuiltandthetotalreservecapacityreachingmorethan100billionjin(twojinmakeonekilo).In2000,theStateCouncilsetupChinaGrainReservesCorporation(Sinograinforshort).Sinograin,onthebasisoftakingoverthelarge-scalegraindepotsinvestedbythecentralgovernmentandpracticingtheframeworkoftheCorporationanditsdirectlysubordinatedepotsbeingasindependentlegalentitiesandthemanagementexercisedrespectivelybytheCorporation,itsbranchesanditsdirectlysubordinatedepots,carriedouttheverticalmanagementofthemanpower,financial,therelevantcentraldepartmentsmadestrictexaminationsandevaluationsofSinograinspersonnel,assetsanddepotstakenoverbyit,properlyhandledSinograinsirregularaccountingtyofFinance,theNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionandtheStatentralgrainreservesmainlybylocalgraindepartme,ChinapromulgatedRegulationsonAdministrationofCentralGrainReserves,clarifyingtheplans,storage,use,supervision,inspectionandlegalresponsibilitiesofthecentralgrainreservesandbringingtheoperationofthegrainreservesontothelegaltrack,whichplayedanimportantpartinguaranteeingtheeffectiveoperationofthecentralgrainreservemanagementmechanism,ensuringthesuperiorquality,thegenuineamountandthesafestorageofthegrainreserves,bringingtherolesofthecentralgrainreservesinservingthestatemacro-controlintoeffectiveplayandfacilitatingthelocallegislationworkongrainreserves.ByPanYaoguo,,dgrainconsumptionbytheChinesepeople,grainstockreducedbyurbanitesandsomefarmers,scientificprogressinanimalhusbandry,theimportsofnewbreeds,theapplicationofassortedfodderandtheshortenedbreedingperiod,itwouldbefeasibletoproduce,byusingthesameamountoffodderandinashortertime,abiggerquantityofhighqualitymeat,,,thedirec,theper-capitagrainconsumptionwas145kilogramsfortheurbanpeopleand256kilogramsfortheruralpeople,andin2005,thefigurewasonly77kilogramsfortheurbanpeople,a50%decline,,,theproportionofurbanresidentsinChina,withtheincreaseofaffluentfarmersinthedevelopedareasandwiththeriseofgrainsubstitutesinthediet,directgrainconsumptionbythemajorityoftheChinesepeopleisdeclining,an,,,wheathastobeimported,,thereisagreatpotentialformulti-purposeprocessingofcorn,,today,,mosturbanc,,wh,theper-capitaedcitieswhereindustriesarefairlydeveloped,mostfarmersmovotenough,farmershavetobuygrainsfromthemarket,,thereisenoughfarmland,butmostorallthefarmlandisusedtogrowmelons,,formostruralfamiliesinthetwoestablishedapple-growingregions,,theBohaiBayareaandtheLoessPlateauinNorthwestChina,vegetablegrowersinthesuburbanareasofcities,producersinfamousvegetableandfruitgrowingareas,theyu,themainfactordrivingthedevelopme,thefodderindustryhasbecomethemaindrivingforcefortheincreaseofChina,andnewprogresshasbeenmadeintheresearchster,and70%,thegrowingareaofsi,PigsandVehicleWillBreakOutProcessingcornintofuelethanolisanewindustrytriggeredbyjointforcesofthreefactors:first,thepriceriseofoiloninternationalmarketforcespeopletofindanoilsubstitutesoastocopewiththedifficultsituationoftherisingoilprice;second,majorcities,inordertosolvetheproblemofenvironmentalpollution,usefuelethanolasasubstituteforgasolineandasustainable,environmental-friendlyandrenewableenergy;andthird,,Heilongjiang,,asubsidyof1,600yuanfromthecentralfinancewasgrantedforeachtonofethanolproduced,in2004,thesubsidywas1,400yuan,1,,,,,,,cornhasbecomeanewmaterialforfuelproduction....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLiuShijin,,2007NeverbeforehasChinasener,Chinahasenteredandwillremainatthestageforquitealongperiodoftime,duringwhichtheconsumptionofresourcesincludingenergywill"climbup".Nomajoreconom,theshareoftheenergy-consumingheavyindustrywillrisebyafairlybigmarginandthe"structuralfactor"senergyconsumptionforperunitoutputhasbeenontherisewhi,theeffectof"super-largescale",,willsurpasstspercapitaenergyconsumptionisstillverylowwhencomparedwithinternationallevels,thetotalamountofenergyconsumptionhasfargonebeyondpeople,Chinahasmadesomeprogressinenergyconservationovertheyears,alandconceptualfactors,theprimarycauserestsmainlyonoursystems,,eventhoughtheyareinthesamei,whileChinaclaimstobeabigcountrywithrichresources,itspercapitalevelsinamajorityofignresources,butagrowingdependencyonforeignsupplyofsomeimportantresourcescannotbutcausepublicconcernsoverthecountrys"energysecurity".Forexample,C,resourceconstraintandespeciallyenergyconstraintareposingagravechallengetothesustainabilityofChina,wemusthaveacorrectapproachwhenobserving,,theso-called"resourceconstraint",a"resourceconstraint",senergystrategyandpoinoptimizingChinaoaloccupiesadominantpositioninthestructureofChinasenergysupply,an,withtheexploitablehydropowerresourcesaccountingforabout15%,Chinaspercapitapossessionofhydropowerresourcesisequivalenttoabout70%oftheworldaveragelevel,whichiswellaboveitsratiosforoilandnaturalgas(respectively11%%)andisclosetothatforcoal(79%).Chinare-investigateditshydropowerresourcesduringthe2001~thetheoreticalreserveofhydropowerresources,thetechnologicallyexploitablege,,Chinasratiobetweenthehydropowergeneratingcapac%,rankingaround80thplaceintheworldandstayingbelowtheworldaveragelevel(%).Itwasfarlowerthanthelevelofhydropowerresourcedevelopmentinthedevelopedcountries(50%~100%)andwasalsolowerthanthelevelsinBrazil,India,Vietnam,slagginghydropowerdevelopment,ersandcanprodundculturalsites,,irrationalplanning,designingandconstructionicalprotectionandonadoptingallmeasurestominimizetheu,weshouldalsoseethepositiveimpactsofhydropowerdevelopmentontheenvironmentandtheecology,forexample,inpreventingfloods,improvingthe,theconsiderablereturnsarisingfromhydropowerdevelopmentcanprovi"micro-environment","macro-environment"ofthewholenationaleconomy,hydropowerdevel,ressinhydropowercopowergeneratingcapacitycanaccountforarationalproportionofthetotalgeneratingcapacity,~,,,,missionofCO2,,coalconsumptionsavedbyhyd%.Sointhemicroeconomicsense,hydropowerdevelopmenthas,"cleaneffect"ofsubstitutingcoal-firedpowergeneration,hydropowershouldberegardedasacleanenergy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByWangMengkui,MinisteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilThekeynoteofChina’ssocialandeconomicpoliciesatpresentandduringtheentireperiodofmodernizationdriverestsonscientificdevelopmenta,Chinahaswitnessedmajorprogressineconomicdevelopment,,peoplehavebecomemoreandmoreconcernedaboutthedazzlingcontradictionsinChina’:First,,thematerial,withtheexpansionofeconomicscale,thedemandforenergy,water,,therestrictionofres,China’,everypartofthecountryhasmadegreateconomicprogressandpeople’,,,,thedevelopmentofsocialsecurity,healthse,,Chinahasmaintainedsocialstabilityduringitseconomicprogressandsocialtransfor,Chinawitnessessocialstratificationandwideningincomegap,,dissolvesocialcontradictionsandpushforwardmoderdedapproachtowardproblems,deviati,thesecontradictionsandproblemscomefromthetransformationoftheeconomicsystemandgrowthmode,fromtherapiddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationandfromtheevolutionfromanurban-ruraldualisticeconomicstructuretoamodernsocialandeconomicstructure,bearingobviousfeaturesinChina’mentstateafewyearsback,’s,withalargepopulationofmorethan1billionandadistincthistoricalandculturaltradition,,evelopment,Chinahasraisedtwostrategicideas:theimplementationofscientificoutlookondevelopmencialharmonywereneglectedinthepast,but,theChineseGovernmenthasadoptedseveralsignificantpolicymeasures,includingthenewlypassed11thFive-YearPlan(2006-2010)bytheNationalPeople’sCongress,,China’spolicywillfollowfivedevelopmenttrends:First,,,%,energyconsumptionperunitofGDPshouldbereducedby20percent,,Chinawillfacethecontradict,industrializationandurbanizationarebeingpushedforwardandtheconstructi,includingencouragingtechnologicalprogress,optimizingtheindustrialstructure,perfectinglegislationandpolicymaking,Chinawillpaymoreattentiontothecoordinateddeveboostingnationaleconomicstrengthandgivefreereintotheimportantroleplayedbyindustrializationandurbanizationforthepromotionofrura,theexpansionofthedevelopmentgapamongtheeastern,centralandwesternregionshassloweddown,thankstomorenationalinputineconomicallybackwardareas,afasterspeedforinfrastructureconstructionandecsupportthecountryside,abolishedagricultsing,andthefocuandurbanareasinasho,thepolicyoffocusingonsupportingunderdevelopedareasandprosperingruralareaswillbebeneficialinrestrainingawideninggapandformingacomparativecoordinateddevelopmentpatterninunbalanceddevelopment.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.、海王星注册官网用户至上守信网页登录,isaspecialconceptthatappearedinthecourseofChina,peasantworkersincludethoseworkinginthesecondaryandtertiaryindustriesinside,peas,China,gthelooksof,structuralcontradictioninsupply-demandrelationsbecomeseverprominentOverall,thesupplyofChina,about200millionof,,thecountrysidestillhasabout100millionlaborersinsurplus,,anda,,%%inthelate1980s,%slabormarketin2002,andash,especiallyinthePearlRiverDeltaandthesoutheastpartsofbothFujianandZhejiangProvinces,desurveyontheutilizationofrurallaborin2006,whichcovered17provinces(municipalitiesandregions),20prefecturecities,57counties(cities),166townsandtownships,and2,%ofthevillagessurveyedbelievedthattheyoungandmiddle-agedpeopleoftheirvillageswh%fortheeastregion,76%%%,%,%.%.OurbasicjudgmentisthatalthoughChinaonthewholestillhasanoversupplyofyoungandmiddle-agedrurallabor,moreandmoreregionshaveseentheirremainingyoungrurallaborbeingtota,weshouldanalyzethesuppl"oversupply"toa"mixtureofsurplusandshortage"."Surplus"referstoanaggregateoversupplywhenlaborismeasuredbyconvertinglabortimeintolabor."Shortage"rurallabortransfer,thetrendofreturningtonativeplacesclearlygainsmomentumThegeneraltrendisthatrurall,seekingemplcountiesjointlyconductedbythePeasantWorkersOfficeoftheStateCouncilandtheruraleconomicresearchdepartmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theaverageannualgrowthrateofthenumberofpeasantworkersseekingemploymentoutsidetheirnativecountieswas7%from2000to2006,%,th%%y,theratioofthoseseekingemploymentoutsensiveindustriestothecentralandwesternregionsandasthecentralandwesternregionsimprovedtheirconditionsfordevelopment,moreandmorepeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirr-exportingcounties,thereturnedpeasantworkersaccountedfor23%ofthepeasantworkersworkingoutsidetheirnativeplacesandfor10%%theyemployedaltogetheraccountedfor18%,wepreliminarilyestimatethatabout8millionpeasantworkershavereturnedtotheirnativeplacesforbeasantworkersandalthoughtheinter-regionallytransferredpeasantworkersstillfaroutnumberthelocallytransferredpeasantworkers,anewpatternofrurallabortransferistakingshape,inwhichthetrendofgoingtotheurbanareasforemploymentandthetrendofretur,andthenew-generationpeasantworkershavebecomeavitalforceThesupplyofrurallaborcontinuestorise,,th,theyoungpeasantworkers,bornafterthe1980sandaged16orover,,thenew-generationpeasantworkershavemuchweakeraffectionforlandandtheirwayofthinking,,thenew-generationpeasantworkersareevolvingfrom"part-timeworkersandpart-timepeasants"to"full-timenonagriculturalworkers",fromthe"two-wayflowbetweenurbanandruralareas"tothe"integrationintocities",andfrom"makingaliving"to"pursuingequality".ThisindicatesthatChinahasanurgentneedtosolvetheproblemofitsurban-ruraldualistsystem.ByChenChangsheng,DepartmentofMacroeconomicResearch,theDRCHighsavingsrateisanimportantfactortosupportChina,anundulyhighsavingsratecancauseinsufficientconsumption,whichhasalsobecomeaprominentproblemaffectingthegrowthofChina,itcanhardlyworkouttarge,itshouldanalyzethestructuralfeaturesofpersonalsavings,andidentifywhichsectors,whatmassgroupsanrsWasMainlyAttributedtoHigherCorporateandGovernmentSavingsWhileRateofPersonalSavingsOnlyWentUpbyaNarrowMarginThechangestothefundflowtablewhichcanbestreflectthestructureofnationalincomedistributionindicatethatChina%%in2005(Chinabegantocompilefundflowtablein1992,andtheta).Thestructureofprimarydistributionindicates:first,theproportionoflaborpayrelatedtoaddedvaluehasbeenonthedecline,at62%in1993,47%in2004andslightlyhigherin2005;second,althoughpersonalsavingsratealsowentupslightly,itsproportionintotalsavingshasbeendroppingandthoseofenterprisesandgovernmentdepartmentshavebeenvisiblyrisingandpostinghighercontributionrates(Table1).Inparticular,orchangesinthepersonalincomerecei,therehavebeenetotheincomeofgovernmentdepartments(Table2).Meanwhile,ChinasGiniCoefficientcontinuedtorise,lyimprovedtheincomeofther,tosomeextent,me(%)JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORData:ChinaIndexResearchInstituteIn2008,affectedbytheoperationlawoftherealestate,theworseninginternationaleconomicsituationandtheChinesedomesticmacro-economicadjustment,salesbytherealestateenterprisesdeclinedatlarge,butthesalesbyth,,%,yearonyear,,%,%.%%.,powerful,large-scaledandresponsibility-assumingenterpriseshaveturnedupTheleadingrealestateenterprisesarelargeinscale,growingfast,profit-makingandhavesoundfinancialsystems,,theaverageassetvolume,businessincomeandnetprofitofthetop4enterprises(includingVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstate,HopsonandPolyRealEstateGroup),;theannualaveragegrowthrateoftheiraverageaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitsince2003reached70%,50%and81%,withtheannualaveragegrowthrateofitsaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitreaching116%,90%and114%respectively,andtheannualaveragegrowthrateoftheaggregateassets,businessincomeandnetprofitoftheflagshipenterpriseVankealsoreached75%,53%and73%,respectively,allbeingmuchhigherthantheaverageoftherealestateindustryandtheaverageofthetop100enterprises;theaverageaggregatereturnrateonassetswasequivalenttothatofthetop100enterprises,butthenetprofitratewashigher;theasset-liabilityratiowasbetween63%~65%,beingapparentlylowerthantheaverageofthetop100enterprises;sincethereleaseoftheresearchfindingsontop100enterprisesin2004,enterpriseslikeVanke,ZhonghaiRealEstateandHopsonrankedamongthetop5inthemain(Table4).romthebeginningoftheyear,somenewcharacteristicshaveturnedupinChinaseconomicgrowth,whichmainlyinclude:exportinforeigntradehasincreasedbyawidemargin,consumptionhasturnedoutbrisk,investmentgrowthhasbecomestable,economicgrowthratehasgoneuptoahighlevel,increaseinmoneysupplyhasspeededup,,theeconomicgrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyearisestimatedtoshowamomentumofoperatingatahigherlevel,,thedrivingforceof,%yearonyear,%afterallowingforthepricerises,y,%,%,%.%,,trtmentofMacroeconomicResearchoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,small-scaledeclineoftheeconomicgrowthcouldhappenthisyear,oncapacityofpartoftheindustriesandthecontinuousappreciatio,attentionshouldalsobepaidtothefactthattheChineseeconomystillstaysinthemediumandlong-cyclegrowthperiods,,theshort-termdeclineoftheeconomyisyetnotenoughtochangethesituationofafasteconomicgrowth,,:thepressureontightsuppliesofcoal,electricityandpetroleumandontheoverloadedtransportationsystemhasbeenbasicallyalleviated;supplyofrawmaterialsforsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,chemicalindustryandcementhasbeenfairlyabundant;grainoutputhasbeencontinuallygrowing;,purchasepriceindexesforrawmaterials,%,yearonyear,nfortified,givingimportantsupporttothecontinu,investmenthasassumedarecoveringrise,,the%,down4percentagepoints,,,amongthefixedassetinvestmentincitiesandtowns,inv%,;whileinvestmentinarchitecturalinstallationprojectsrose26%,yearonyear,,thecurrentinvestmentgrowthisarecoveringrisefromthelowerlevelinthefourthquarteroflastyearbyanarrowmargin,andtheinvestmentstructureneedstobeoptimized;undercomparativelyrigorousmacro-controlpolicies,itisestimatedthattherewouldbelittlepossi,inthecontextoftheconsumptionturningoutbrisk,exportandinvestmentbecomingstable,itispredictedthattheeconomywillmaintainarapidandsteadygrowthinthefirsthalfoftheyear,%(%).,butresourceandenvironment,withtheconstantimprovementofthehouseholdincomelevel,upgradingoftheconsumptionstructurehasbecomevigorous,-2005,the%,,,,,proportionoftheChineselaborersenjoyingprimarydistributionofthenationalincomeiscurrentlyonthelowside,andthedistributionofincome,%ofGDP,%in2001,%,whenindustrializationwasacceleratedinsuchcountriesastheUnitedStates,JapanandtheRepublicofKorea,operlyincreasethepaymentofthelaborers,,inalpropensitytoconsume,therefore,adjustmentofthedifferenceinincomedistributiontoincreasetheincomesofthemoderateandlow-income,incurrentexpenditurestructureofthegovernment,ditureonpublicserviceandpublixpansionoftheconsumptiondemandswillgiveastrongimpetustoinvestment,imulatedsuchindustriesastherealestate,automobileandtelecommunicationtoarapidgrowth,thushasfurtherbroughtalongthedevelopmentofsuchheavyandchemicalindustriesasironandsteel,nonferrousmetals,petrochemicalandcementaswellasthedevelopmentofsuchbasicindustriesasenergyandtransportation,,therapidgrowthofinvestmentoverrecentyears,afterallowingfortheunreasonablefactors,hasoriginallyb,reaction,fromJanuary%,mobileandhousepurchasingwillplayalong-termroleinstimulatingthedevelopmentoftheheavyandchemicalindustriesandthegrowthofinvestment,whichislikelytointensifythecontrad,whenstabilizingtheinvestmentgrowth,properlyguidingthedemandforautomobileandhousepurchasingandstabilizingthepaceinupgradingofconsumptionstructurearealsoimportantaspectsthatneedtobeconsideredinformulatingmacro-economicpolicies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangLipingInordertoadapttothescenarioafterentryintotheWTO,Chinahaslaunchedin2001theInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises(SMEs)(hereinafterreferredtoas"IMDF"),SMEswithanannualexportvolumelessthanUSD15millionc,IMDFhadmaderemarkableachievementsinenablingSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketthroughvariouslinkssuchasoverseasexhibition,internationalcertification,overseasmarketpublicity,developmentofnewlyemergingmarket,training,%1inthepastfiveyears,morethantwotimesthatofthewholeSMEsatthesameperiod(%)andmuchhigherthanChinasaverageannualexportgrowthrate(30%).Itisnecessarytoevaluateensivejudgmentonthefollowingimportantissues:whetherIMDFisoperatedaccordingtodesignatedtargets,whataretherolesofIMDF,howmuchitcancontributetoexport,whataretheproblemsintheoperation,,MethodsandContentsoftheEvaluationObjectivity:Theprojectteamhasanalyzeddataandmaterialscollectedbycompetentdepartments,reviewedrelevantissuesbymeansofquestionnairesurvey,discussionsandvisitingenterprises,,questionnairesweresenttoenterprisesandtocompetentdepartmentsrespectivelythroughthewebsiteofIMDF,andreturnedthroughwebsiteorviadepartmentsofcommerceatvariouslevels,,541and12,132questionnaireshave,6,656werefromthoseenterprisesthathavenotreceivedanyfundsupportand5,(5,000)andofSMEs(46,000)registeredonline,%%edordeliveredvalidanswerstoeachquestion2,onlythosevalidanswerswereanalyzedinspecificquestions,:Theteammembershund,thoseenterprisesthath:Thisevaluationtriestosummarizetheachievementsandproblemsinthepast,sIMDF,,thefundvolumeisgettinglargerthoughremainssmallasawhole;secondly,thenumberofcompetentdepartmentshasbeenincreasinggradually,andrelatedpoliciesandadministrationshavebeenimprovedcontinuously;thirdly,:targetfulfillment,evaluatewhetherthegrantofIMDFconformstotheobjectivesandprinciplesoftheMeasuresforAdministrationofInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundofSME(fortrialimplementation)(hereinafterreferredtoastheAdministrationMeasures),andusethedatacollectedthroughquestionnairesurveystoevaluateIMDFpoliciesandtheirimplementationaswellasthefund,amathemlmarketInthepastfiveyears,thefundhasassistedSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketinrespectofsixcategoriesand19sub-categories(SeetheTablebelowfordetailedinformation).TheseitemsarethepivotallinksforSMEstocarryoutinternationalbusinessandareconvenientforimplementation,"guides",eventhoseenterpri。

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